Anal fissures can happen to just about anyone. Our colorectal surgeon explains how to get an accurate diagnosis and the right relief. Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Anal fissures are small tears in the skin around your anus.
Medical University of South Carolina Digestive Disease Center
How You Can Deal With Anal Fissures – Health Essentials from Cleveland Clinic
Anal pain — pain in and around your anus or rectum perianal region — is a common complaint. Although most causes of anal pain are benign, the pain itself can be severe because of the many nerve endings in the perianal region. Many conditions that cause anal pain may also cause rectal bleeding, which is usually more frightening than serious. The causes of anal pain usually can be easily diagnosed.
An anal fissure is a ulcer or tear in the longitudinal axis of lower anal canal. It is superficial, small and ends above dentate line. It occurs in midline posteriorly common in male but also occur in midline anteriorly common in female.
Make an appointment with your doctor if your pain lasts more than a few days and self-care remedies aren't helping. Also make an appointment with your doctor if anal pain is accompanied by a change in bowel habit or rectal bleeding. A hemorrhoid that develops quickly or is particularly painful may have formed a blood clot inside thrombosed.